South Africa could potentially harvest a bumper crop in the 2016/17 production season. This comes after the Crop Estimate Committee’s first production estimates for summer crops reached 16.21 million tonnes, up by 72% from the previous season[1]. Moreover, this could be the largest crop since the 2013/14 production season.

White and yellow maize production are set to increase by 144% year-on-year (y/y) and 28% y/y to 8.31 million tonnes and 5.61 million tonnes, respectively. This notable uptick on white maize is due to an increase in area plantings, as well as expected higher yields. Meanwhile, the uptick in yellow maize is largely driven by expected higher yields. Overall, South Africa’s total maize production is estimated at 13.92 million tonnes, which is 78% annual increase. This is 17% higher than our estimate of 11.90 million tonnes.

Moreover, soybean production is estimated at 1 070 495 tonnes, which is 44% higher than the previous season, also driven by an increase in area plantings, as well as higher expected yields. Sunflower seed production is forecast at 928 620 tonnes, which is a 23% annual increase (despite the drop in area, which has been compensated by higher yields). Following a historic decline in the previous season, groundnuts production is set to increase by three-fold from last season’s crop to 88 175 tonnes. This is also driven by an uptick in area plantings, as well as expected higher yields.

Also worth noting is that South Africa’s final wheat production estimate was revised up by 1% from the previous estimate to 1.90 million tonnes due to higher yields on the back of favourable weather conditions. More importantly, this is 32% higher than the previous season’s crop of 1.44 million tonnes. Subsequently, wheat imports for this season could decline by 25% from 2015/16 marketing year to 1.5 million tonnes.

Although this is an encouraging picture, it is important to note that these are first estimates for the season, we will get a much clearer view of the crop over the coming months. With that said, recent indications suggest that the crop is in fairly good condition throughout the country. The next two weeks could present dry weather, with scattered showers and that should offer a “breathing gap” after weeks of high rainfall.


[1] Summer crop = maize, sunflower seed, soybean, groundnuts, sorghum and dry beans.


Wandile Sihlobo (

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